Articles

 Community Development and Social Welfare

INTRODUCTION.

 According to structure of organization this department is one of the nine (9) departments dealing with various responsibilities. The department is composed of three sections as follows:-

 a).      Community Development.

 b).      Social welfare.

 communitydevorgstructure

       THE COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT SECTION.

 This section has major roles to play in enabling people to realize their development agenda. It fosters peoples participation in their fundamental development at all levels in the community and in society at large. It acts as an instrument for achieving the community goals namely, good quality livelihood and cooperative economy capable of producing sustainable growth, peace and unity. Generally, community development section has a role of finding better ways of improving economic and social conditions of the people through mobilization and utilization of available resources they have and help them finding other resources they don’t have.

                WORK DONE

  • Fostering of peoples participation in their fundamental development activities and plans.
  • Mobilization of people on HIV/AIDS prevention as an issue seemed to be more social problem rather than cure.
  • Mobilization of community / groups to establish economic projects and contribute to government revenues.
  • Advocacy and advisory services for the rights of marginalized groups ie. Women, widow, orphans and vulnerable children.

  SOCIAL WORK UNIT (SECTION)

 Social work section is among three sections in the Department of Community Development, Social work and co-operative.

 SOCIAL WORK ACTIVITIES / RESPONSIBILITY.

 -  Advocate for marginalized people in the community i.e children, widows, women, old people and people of all kind of empowerment.

 -  Do counseling in the society for the people in need.

 -  Laise management in the community i.e marriage conflicts, child care, Affiliation etc.

 -  Preparation of social enquiry report for offender / Juvenile.

 -  To oversee all activities in children’s home and day care centres.

 -  Approve the establishment / closure of children care centres, either homes or day care centres.

 -  To coordinate and initiate the establishment of old age homes and street people.

-  Advocate for resources for those in need. ie Disaster victims.

 -  To link clients with the outside bodies for proper service help.

 -  Train of human relation to bring into uses the capabilities and resources of individual in the community.


Development, Social Welfare

Agriculture and livestock

  •  Provision of technical advice on agriculture and livestock sector.
  • To increase area for cultivation using power tiller up to 3,000 ha in two wards
  • To improve worker’s working tools of agriculture and livestock
  • To increase awareness of farmers on traditional crops farming
  • Provisional of training to farmers

  Challenges

  •  Low production of food, cash, non-traditional crops and livestock products and hence poverty amongstIlalaMunicipalityfarmers.
  • Degraded soil, water and environmental reserves.
  • Extension services reduced and lead to less knowledge on crop and livestock husbandry practices.
  • Disease outbreak (both crops and livestock diseases).
  • Low levels of nutrition status amongIlalaMunicipalityfarmers.
  • Presence of low quality of food.
  • Shortages of qualified staffs and working tools such as vehicles.

 2.3.1 Agriculture:

Agriculture and livestock activities which employs about 13% of the total population is carried out in the area undeveloped for settlement measuring approximately 10,019 hectors of which the area for food crops is 7,201 and cash crops 2,818 hectors respectively. Major food crops are cassava, sweet potatoes, paddy maize, cash crops includes cashew nuts, coconuts and citrus fruits

.2.3.2 Soils

Ilala Municipal has the soil types and rainfall regimes which determines varieties land use pattern. These soil type ranges from coastal sandy with low fertility, sandy clay loam soils with moderate fertility and alluvial soils with considerable agricultural potential.

 2.3.1.1 Irrigation

Presently two types of farming system are being practiced i.e. rain dependent Agriculture and irrigation.

 Irrigation farming is highly encouraged in the Municipal, about 60 hectors is being irrigated using seasonal and permanent streams, dip and shallow wells.

 Presence of ward Resource centre at Kinyamwezi enabled farmers to acquire integrated farming skills offered by the centre. About 1,000 Farmers are trained every year. The centre also produces various seedlings and sells to farmers at affordable prices

 Most of the farmers depend on rain fed agriculture and irrigation on small scale. Potential area for irrigation is about 4,000 Ha, currently 60 Ha. are under irrigation. Two small irrigation schemes have been established at Kidole and Zingiziwa at Msongola and Chanika wards respectively. At the moment Ilala Municipal Council is doing feasibility study for two irrigation schemes at Mzinga river and Zogoali valley in Msongola and Chanika wards, respectively aiming to increase production throughout the year.


 2.3.1.2 Crop Production

The Municipal covers an area of 210 km2 with more than half of the area being in the urban and peri urban but still 15,000 ha. are potential arable land  for agricultural production, however only 7,201 ha. are used for food crop production and 2,818 ha. for cash crops. Horticulture activities are carried out in the urban areas in open spaces and in backyard gardens. Crop farming is done in peri urban and rural areas; the crops are cash and food. The main cash crop in Ilala Minicipal Council includes a variety of vegetables such as amaranthus, Chinese cabbage, egg plant, okra, kale, leek (matembele) and night shade (Mnavu), fruits like citrus, passion, pawpaw, pineapples, mangoes and cashew.

Cassava is the main food crops in the rural areas where a variety being cooked while fresh or dried for making flour. Another food crops are sweet potatoes and paddy grown during the long rain season especially in water logged areas.

 2.3.1.3 Productivity Level per Crop

The average crop yields under normal circumstances are as shown in the table below:-

Table VIII: Average crop yields

CROP

Target production Ha.

Estimated production TONS

YIELD PRODUCTION PER TONS

A: FOOD CROPS

 

 

 

Cassava

1500

13,500

9

Paddy

700

1,400

22

Sweet potatoes

1,100

12,000

15

Maize

400

800

2

Cow pe

130

91

0.7

Pigeon peas

50

35

0.7

Total

3,880

27,826

 

B: CASH CROPS

 

 

 

Cashew

280

280

1

Coconut

226

1,350

6

Oranges

140

11,680

12

Pineapple

130

1,560

12

Banana

83

996

10

Pawpaw

100

1,000

11

Passion

18

54

5

Mangoes

5

50

10

Water melon

45

900

20

Amaranths

500

10,000

20

Cucumber

70

700

10

Chinese cabbage

65

650

10

Leek (matembele)

200

2,000

10

Cassava leaves

30

300

10

Okra

85

1,275

15

Eggplant

25

625

25

Kale (Sukumawiki)

47

470

10

Total

2,049

33,890

 

 In the year 2008/2009 a total of 12,269 Tons of food crops and 30,549 Tons of cash crops were harvested.

 2.3.1.4 Crop Production

The district covers an area of 210 km2 with more than half of the area being in the urban and peri urban but still 15,000 ha. are potential arable land  for agricultural production, however only 7,201 ha. are used for food crop production and 2,818 ha. for cash crops. Horticulture activities are carried out in the urban areas in open spaces and in backyard gardens. Crop farming is done in peri urban and rural areas; the crops are cash and food. The main cash crop in Ilala Minicipal Council includes a variety of vegetables such as amaranthus, Chinese cabbage, egg plant, okra, kale, leek (matembele) and night shade (Mnavu), fruits like citrus, passion, pawpaw, pineapples, mangoes and cashew.

Cassava is the main food crops in the rural areas where a variety being cooked while fresh or dried for making flour. Another food crops are sweet potatoes and paddy grown during the long rain season especially in water logged areas.

 2.3.2 Agricultural Inputs supplies

The district require an average of 350 Tons of fertilizer per year but always the requirement increases tremendously every year due to response of farmers to good Agricultural practices. Due to small area for crop production the district require only 4 tractors for plaguing.

 Most of the agricultural inputs are obtained directly from the stockiest scattered all over the city being – BCS (Biashara consume service), farm base, UFI, By Trade, K.K. Agrovet suppliers., Ukonga Agrovet, Vieer Co Lmt., Mukpa enterprises,  Sakim Agrovet, 1S and M (Metals) Ltd.

 2.3.2.1 Produce Market

Due to large population of the city the market for crop produce are ready available and the crops can be sold at different scattered markets of

Kariakoo, Buguruni, Kisutu and Chanika markets. Also at the farm level most of the produces would be sold to petty traders.


 2.3.2.2 Livestock

Livestock keeping is mostly done in village areas and least in      urban. Major types of animals kept are dairy cattle (7,500), Poultry (450,000), Sheep and Goats (2,700) and Pigs (3,500). Zero grazing is mainly done in urban areas and semi intensive to extensive method in peri urban. Ukonga, Segerea, Kitunda & Kipawa wards are leading in livestock keeping

Table X: Livestock Population 2008/2009

Na.

Type of Animal

Total number

1

Cattle

7,900

2

Sheep

130

3

Goats

2,531

4

Pigs

3,235

5

Dogs

4,600

6

Cats

1,183

7

Guinea Pigs

20

8

Rabbits

106

9

Chicken

10

10

Ducks

7,411

11

Turkey’s

205

12

Guinea fowls

106

  2.3.2.3 Livestock care Facilities

There are 52 clinics/centres that carry out different livestock management practices, artificial insemination and enhancement of public health.


 2.3.2.4 Dairy Development

Exotic and cross bred cattle are increasing in number due to artificial insemination services as result milk production have increased from 8-15 liters per day.

 2.3.2.5 Milk Production

Livestock as an important part of agricultural contributes about 20-30 percent of milk supply in municipality. Mostly milk is sold to tourist and local hotels and public institutions.

2.3.2.6 Milk Processing

Ilala Municipal has got several processing industries like Bakhresa and Azam where milk are processed and sold to Beneficiaries to generate income.

 2.3.3 Common Animal Diseases

There are different common animal diseases which hinder animal’s development. Therefore are, as follows, depending on animal spp.

 The following are the list of the diseases according to the animal species:-

  • Cattle – East Coast Fever (E.C.F), Contagious Bovine Pleuropnemonia (C.B.P.P), Trypanusomiasis, Mastitis, Food and Mouth Disease (FMD), Lumpyskin disease (L.S.D)
  • Goat and sheep trypanusosimesis
  • Contagious Caprine Pleuropneumonia (CCP), mastitis, Food and Mouth Disease (FMD)
  • Dogs – mange and Rabies
  • Chicken – Coryza, Coccidiosis. Typhoid,New castleand Gumboro

 2.3.3.1 Co-operative societies

Ilala Municipal have got cooperative societies, saccos which deals with procurement of farm inputs and crop marketing for cashew e.g. Chazamso (Chanika Zavala mvuti society), Kitunda saccos and Msongola saccos

TableXI: Government institution/organizations involved in livestock and   agriculture

S/N

INSTITUTION

ACTIVITIES

LOCATION

1

Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Cooperatives

Involved with policy making, advice and extension service on crop production

Temeke

2

Ministry of Livestock and Fisheries

Involved with policy making, advice and extension service on livestock production

Temeke

3

UniversityofDar es salaam

Involved with research, training and dissemination of technologies.

Kinondoni

 

4

UniversityofSokoine

Involved with research, training and dissemination of technologies of Agriculture and Livestock.

Morogoro

5

TFNC

Involved in research, and dissemination of technologies on Nutrition.

Kivukoni

6

SIDO

Involved in research, and dissemination of technologies on Small scale industries.

Upanga Masdhariki

7

TIRDO

Involved in research, and dissemination of technologies related with industrial promotion.

Kinondoni

8

TOSCA

Involved in research, and dissemination of technologies on quality seeds production.

Morogoro

9

Cashewnut board

Envolved with promotion and coordination of cashewnut production and marketing.

New Postal office building

 2.3.4 Opportunities

Availability of man power, DADP’s funds, land for agricultural activities at Chanika, Msongola, Pugu, Kitunda and Segerea wards along peri-urban areas have the opportunity of keeping dairy cattle, goats, commercial and local chicken.

 Possible interventions under ASDP Programme and opportunities are production of horticultural crops (vegetables, flowers and tree seedlings). Livestock keeping for income generation and nutritional requirement, education on agriculture business development, farming and livestock keeping and processing of agriculture and livestock products (value addition)

 2.3.4.1 Efforts

Rain water harvesting techniques through banding has started by Green belt members at Msongola in Kitonga hamlet but still supplementary irrigation becomes necessary due to dry spell occurring during the seasons.

The mission therefore proposes for construction of deep wells installed with pumps in areas suitable for irrigations (Amkeni group in Zingiziwa hamlet at Chanika)

 The farmers would however require a number of training with regard to making of permanent paddy basins/plots. Water users group members and leaders on farm water management, operation and maintenance of the well and pump.

 2.3.4.2 Improvement/Action to be taken on;

  • Delay of funds to be deposited into Municipal DADPs account
  • Unreliable rainfall cause poor implementation of projects which depends on rainfall
  • Unreliable and fluctuating prices of agricultural inputs
  • Inadequate technology to the farmers and extension officers.


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